Saccharin was discovered more than 100 years ago, which makes it the oldest of the artificial sweeteners. Its sweetness depends on how it is used, and ranges from 200 to 700 times sweeter than sugar.

In the U.S., saccharin is approved as a special dietary sweetener which limits its use to beverages and tabletop products. Also, approval for its use stipulates that specific maximum amounts are not to be exceeded.

Saccharin is available commercially as “sodium saccharin” (most common), “calcium saccharin” or “acid saccharin.” Saccharin is sold under such brands as Sweet ‘N Low, Sweet Twin and Necta Sweet. A one-gram packet of a popular tabletop brand has an ingredient statement that reads “dextrose, 3.6% sodium saccharin (36 mg per packet), calcium silicate (an anti-caking agent).”

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